1. How did the policy for domain name registration change in the past?

Until 31. 3. 2005

Slovene legal entities are entitled to register under .si

Domain names had to coincide with the registered company name or registered trademark name.

Domain holders justified the right to a domain name by presenting the required documents.

Registrations carried out directly at Arnes.

No renewals.

Domain name registration and other transactions were free of charge.

 

4.4.2005 – 5.11.2008

Slovene legal entities are entitled to register under .si.

Domain names can be chosen freely as long as they comply with the syntax rules.

Max. no. of domain names per holder: 20

No documents are necessary to prove the right to a certain domain name.

Registrations are carried out through registrars.

Registration period: 1 year

Transactions are charged by unified tariff directly to registrars.

 

Since 6.11.2008

Legal and natural persons are entitled to register under .si (no local presence required).

Domain names can be chosen freely as long as they comply with the syntax rules, numerical domain names allowed.

No limitation on no. of domain names per holder.

No documents are necessary to prove the right to a certain domain name.

Registrations are carried out through registrars (a complete list can be found on Arnes’ web site).

Registration period: 1 – 5 years.

Transactions are charged by unified tariff directly to registrars.

 

2. Why has the domain name registration system changed?

The domain name registration terms, that were valid until March 31st 2005, were quite strict. Strict rules however have some advantages: they prevent possible disputes on the right to registered domain names and also disputes connected to trademark names, name space is easily surveyable and a particular domain name “waits” to be registered by an organisation that might discover the advantages of internet sometime in the future. Most European top level country code registries had similar domain name registration policies.

With the expansion of internet the need for greater flexibility in domain name registration is also required. The downside of strict rules is that not everyone can register just any domain name they wish to obtain. This is why already in year 2000 several internet users in Slovenia expressed a wish to have a looser domain name registration system. Arnes arranged an internet forum where suggestions and request from the local internet community were being gathered. At the same time it has consulted many interested parties, expert and laic, lawyers, intellectual property experts, Chamber of Economy, Slovene Internet Service Provider Association (SISPA) and the international association of European national registries – CENTR. On numerous seminars Arnes has introduced several possible domain name registration systems and gathered opinions. The result of consultations was, that a greater part of the concerned party wanted more liberal .si domain name registration rules.

In the end of 2001 the process of gradual liberalization of .si domain name registration terms began. In between Arnes prepared a complete renovation of the domain name registration system. The project was extensive and very demanding from the technical, legal and administrative point of view. The liberalization is a one way process, once a step forward is made, you can hardly ever reinstate previous circumstances.

When introducing new registration system in 2005 Arnes already announced further liberalization of registration rules, which was implemented in 2008.

3. Why has a system of registrars been set up?

There are several reasons for establishing a system of registrars. The international organisation ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) demanded that all registries of generic domain names (.com, .org,.) establish a system of registrars. They are bound to work by an expense account principle and this way market conditions develop among registrars.

Many national registries followed the example of the generic registries and most European registries already function this way or are in the process of developing such a system.

Experiences that Arnes got as a registry also show that setting up a system of registrars makes sense. It turned out that on many occasions domain holders registered their domain names with help from intermediates, usually their internet service providers. With the introduction of the new system these relations are formalised.

4. Why is domain name no longer free of charge?

Until March 31st 2005 Arnes did not charge for any of the services regarding domain names which was very unusual in Europe. Up to the introduction of the new .si domain name registration system the costs were covered by Arnes, however after the release of the new terms the expenses grew because of the increased number of domain name registration. All through Europe domain holders have to pay for their national domain names (with the exception of Croatia ) and the prices range from a few Euros to a couple of hundred Euros per year.